Fire safety and health protection are critical in developing high-rise buildings. Fire is a grave threat to people and property. High-rise buildings present unique challenges not found in traditional low-rise buildings: longer egress times and distance, fire department accessibility, smoke movement and fire control, and the need for more complex evacuation strategies.
When it comes to health, a failing drainage system with empty traps poses a very real threat. Diseases and pathogens in the drainage system can reach the living and working environment and are spread rapidly via modern HVAC systems. This has caused illness and casualties in several high-rise buildings in the recent past, such as the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) outbreak in 2003. Avoiding any possible health risk is critically important, and inhabitants must be protected against harmful gases and pathogens.
Piping systems are at the heart of a building and play a critical role in ensuring fire safety, health and comfort. As more and more people live in a single building, connected to a single system, the need for a safe and reliable sanitary system increases, with critical challenges such as: